• A Background Of Rubbish Disposal

    The past of waste management does not show a huge problem. Knowing the fact that there was only a few population, it is easy to say that the amount of waste has less impact on the environment. The common problem even in the previous decades is that natural resources are being consumed that results in human waste and ash. During those times, such rubbish is safely and quickly disposed of. Moreover, tools, as made by man, were costly and passed on to the next generations. In other words, creating tools made up of wood, metal, and stone has no great impact on the environment.



    The Beginning Of Rubbish Removal


    As urbanisation rises along with industrialisation, populations grow rapidly. There is progress in the lives of many people and a few years more, cities become crowded that caused a large accumulation of rubbish. Without the rules implemented about proper waste disposal and posted on the streets, cities will eventually become crowded with refuse. Corbyn Morris, an official of customs of mid-18th century brought forth the idea to use the power of municipal authority to eradicate the waste. For him, health is the most vital aspect for the population. Thus, the public management must take responsibility in implementing cleanliness within London.


    However, things did not go the way they expect. Cholera came and devastated lives that increased the number of mortality rates. A social reformer named Edwin Chadwick written a report entitled “The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population.” Here, he straightforwardly stated an argument for the need to management facilities and dispose of waste materials properly. During that time, well-being and health of the population had been in the critical situation. With this report, a law that secures rubbish collection was first implemented in 1842.


    After four years, an act entitled Nuisance Removal and Disease Prevention Act was also introduced to the public, and it was focused on waste management. The Metropolitan Board of Works was the one in charge of sanitation workers in the city. Soon, the Public Health Act 1875 was also developed wherein all households must throw their rubbish on a weekly basis into dust bins and movable receptacles. The first waste collection service used open backed carts and followed by steam-driven trucks before the 19th century. As years progress, vehicles were also developed until hydraulic rams became more useful for the people.


    Waste Disposal: The Present Condition


    Incinerators have been used as a waste disposal method since a large number of waste is being produced, and this was first seen in Nottingham. However, primitive plants remained unpopular because they produce airborne ash. Soon, they realised that landfill was more preferred as a waste disposal method. Rubbish would be burned in a large hole. There should be proper use and design of landfills to prevent mice, seagulls, and rats.


    Nowadays, there are also different technologies used to remove rubbish properly, safely and neatly. Several environmental concerns continue to grow in different countries, and natural resources need to be sustained again.